Capital allocation methodology

Group businesses are each allocated an optimal level of capital and are measured against appropriate return hurdles.

The following methodology is used to determine the allocation of required capital to covered business:

The level and nature of the supporting capital is determined by minimum regulatory capital requirements as well as economic, risk and growth considerations. Regulatory capital must comply with specific requirements. For Sanlam Life a stochastic modelling process is used to assist in determining long-term required capital levels that, within a 95% confidence level, will be able to cover the minimum statutory capital adequacy requirement (CAR) at least 1,5 times over each of the next 10 year-ends. For the other smaller life insurers the Group sets supporting capital levels as a multiple of their respective regulatory capital adequacy requirements.

The fair value of other Group operations includes the working capital allocated to the respective operations.

The Group's approach to ensure appropriate working capital levels in these operations is twofold: 
> The Group's internal dividend policy is based on the annual declaration of all discretionary capital that is not required for normal operations or expansion; and
> Performance targets are set for other Group operations based on an expected return on the fair value of the businesses, equal to their internal hurdle rates. This ensures that all non-productive working capital is declared as a dividend to the Group.